Preheat the oven to 350°F
Salt the chicken cavity (the inside of the chicken) with 1 teaspoon of the salt along with a 1/2 teaspoon of the black pepper. If using, add 1/4 teaspoon of the red pepper flakes and 1 teaspoon of the dried herbs to the cavity of the chicken.
Bend the wing tips of the chicken underneath the body of the chicken and tie the legs together with kitchen twine. This is a quick and easy way to “truss” a chicken without actually tying the entire chicken with twine.
Using a pastry brush, brush the exterior of the chicken with the melted butter, if using.
Sprinkle the chicken with the remaining salt and pepper, pepper flakes, and dried herbs, if using.
Place the roasting pan with the chicken into the oven and roast the chicken for 20-25 minutes per pound until the thigh reaches an internal temperature of 185°F. You can test this by using a cooking thermometer.
Once the internal temperature of the thigh reaches 185°F, remove the roasting pan with the chicken from the oven. Allow the chicken to rest in the roasting pan for 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, transfer the roasted chicken to a serving platter. Carve, serve, and enjoy!